A CAFNEC intern recently wrote a report for our Protect Our Coral campaign about: international obligations for Australia’s National Representative System of Marine Protected Areas (NRSMPA) and supporting national legislation.
The NRSMPA is an Australian initiative drawn from international obligations to create a nation-wide system of marine protected areas, which will be the first of its kind in the world. The new management plans for the NRSMPA are expected to take effect in July, 2014.
Conservation has been in the international eye for decades with increasing importance. The first major important step in the international environment for marine conservation was the Jakarta Mandate on Marine and Coastal Biodiversity, commonly referred to as the Jakarta Mandate.
The Jakarta mandate was created in 1995, when the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Jakarta, Indonesia recognised the significant differences between marine and terrestrial biodiversity and agreed on a programme of action for implementing the Convention for aspects concerning marine and coastal biodiversity.
The table below list many of the international obligations Australia has committed to for conservation of biodiversity.
Table 1: International obligations that Australia is party to for conservation of biodiversity including conventions, agreements, and a memorandum of understanding.
|Type of multilateral agreement||Name|
|Conventions||– Convention on Biological Diversity
– Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR)
– Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES)
– Convention on Migratory Species (CMS)
– International Whaling Commission
– International Year of Deserts and Desertification
– Joint Web Site of the Biodiversity Related Conventions
– Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
– UN Convention to Combat Desertification
– UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
– World Heritage Convention
|Agreements||– Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels- Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the People’s Republic of China for the Protection of Migratory Birds and their Environment (CAMBA)- Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Japan for the Protection of Migratory Birds in Danger of Extinction and their Environment (JAMBA)
– Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Republic of Korea on the Protection of Migratory Birds (ROKAMBA)
|Memorandum of Understanding||– Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Sharks|
Australian Government, 2012.
The report below highlights Australia’s main international obligations, and supporting national legislation for the creation of the National Representative System of Marine Protected Areas and other supporting benefits for the system. The report is for the Cairns and Far North Queensland Environment Centre (CAFNEC) and is focused on the Coral Sea Commonwealth Marine Reserve. The conclusion will end with a discussion of gaps in the system.
For a copy of the report click here.